Regular checks reduce mortality in diabetics

MORTALITY among adult diabetics who get regular annual checks is half the rate of patients who do not get checks, according to findings from the National Diabetes Audit.

The audit found that the reduced mortality rate in diabetes who had had annual NICE-recommended checks over the previous seven years was consistent over a range of five-year age groups from 35 to 74.

The National Diabetes Audit 2015-16, Complications and Mortality was published by NHS Digital and covers mortality and complications up to March 2016.

It found that for diabetics the risk of death was increased at all ages and both in men and women compared to the general population. Those who appeared in the 2013-14 audit (including people with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes) were 32.1 per cent more likely to die prematurely than their peers in the general population.

Type 1 diabetics had a 127.8 per cent additional risk of death over the wider population and it was 28.4 per cent higher for those with Type 2 diabetes.

The report also provides numbers of patients admitted to hospital for a range of conditions associated with diabetes. A total of 29.2 per cent of all emergency and non-emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular conditions were for people with diabetes, and vascular outcomes accounted for a higher proportion of deaths among people with diabetes.

Among 102,010 people with diabetes who died in 2015, 33.4 per cent died from a vascular outcome, which includes coronary heart disease, heart failure and stroke. Within the general population, a vascular outcome was the cause of 28.5 per cent of all deaths in 2015.